Usually on the first visit, the specialist healthcare team will discuss sperm banking and answer any questions or concerns.
Men will be asked to have blood tests before making your sperm deposit. This is to check for HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. If any of these viruses are present , men can still store sperm but may need to have further medical investigation.
Men will be asked to provide some sperm by masturbating. This will then be frozen and stored. When men are ready to have a child, the sperm can be thawed and used to artificially inseminate a partner.
To provide the right sample, men may need to make several visits to the clinic. They should not ejaculate for three days before sperm storage to ensure the best amount and quality of sperm is obtained.
Not everyone is suitable for sperm banking and a low sperm count, poor sperm quality, and the freezing and thawing process can all affect the quality of the sperm.
If it is difficult to relax in the clinic or men have mobility issues, in some circumstances, it is possible to ejaculate into a condom at home. This is only possible if the sample can be taken to the clinic within an hour. Men will need a special condom provided by the clinic that does not contain lubricant or spermicide.